In response to the following comments at https://infoproc.blogspot.com/2021/03/academic-freedom-alliance.html:
A map documenting Austronesian historical migration.
Looks like they very likely reached Chile from Easter Islands, given the distance they traveled to Hawaii from the nearest island is around the distance from Easter Islands to Chile. I vaguely remember reading some DNA evidence for that too. As for Columbus, one can say that Vikings/Erik the Red/Leif Erikson predated him by several centuries. Columbus mattered way more of course the Vikings didn’t really do anything in the Americas and the overall impact of their explorations, as with Zheng He’s, marginal in comparison.
Having re-read about Columbus, Vasco de Gama, and other explorers of that age, I realize there was some luck aspect to it as well. The route to India across the tip of Africa by Vasco de Gama was much catalyzed by the severing of trade route by Ottomans from 1450s on. Columbus in some sense was close to not receiving funding for his expedition, as it was done after the Africa route had already been discovered; I believe he was funded mostly out of fear that he would employ his talents and skills for a competitor nation instead. The discovery of Americas by Columbus was an accident, and I remember reading that he misestimated the distance to Asia along that other direction.
One year in grade school, each student in the class had to do an “explorer project”, where one would write about an explorer. I remember the teacher was a female white American exceptionalist, who would evoke the negative “German/Nazi” stereotype and also go,
The Japanese also wanted to take over other countries. It’s called “imperialism”.
That year, we learned a fair bit about Native Americans too. I remember this (white) girl in the class basically cried after learning about their dispossession by those “evil powerful white men”. That teacher was literally so American exceptionalist that had anyone picked Yuri Gagarin for his explorer project (and some kid did pick Neil Armstrong), she may well have even objected. Nobody picked Genghis Khan or Zheng He either; that might also have been somewhat inappropriate. xD
Someone else is that last year, I read a bit about the Russian explorers who conquered Siberia between 1500-1750. Nobody in America knows about them either. Speaking of which, I’m sure the Russians regret selling Alaska a lot, especially since it would have been an ideal Cold War base.
White European supremacy and American exceptionalism coupled with a worship of blacks in some sense was already being drilled down our throats in grade school. That teacher spoke of how though blacks used to be discriminated against in sports, the best home run hitters in baseball are pretty much all black, and how they were simply too good. On the other hand, some white American teachers visibly treated me, a PRC immigrant kid, with a prejudiced attitude. They didn’t say it very openly of course but it was more or less obvious how they felt inside based on their decisions and tone of voice. I could tell they especially disliked East Asian scientists or intellectuals. When I once mentioned Qian Xuesen to a history teacher in high school, he/she basically expressed outrage that Qian was allowed to play such a major role in American rocket development. Of course, the truth is that the cognitive elite from China, Japan, and Korea that came to America between 1945-1980 made enormous contribution to science and technology for America, and post-1980 you had another wave much from PRC. They were overall under-recognized, especially by the media, for their contributions. America would be less competitive economically and technologically if not for such far tail brain drain. Theoretical physics post-war in America was very much a Jewish and East Asian affair. Yet, I remember Stephen Hawking in A Brief History of Time explicitly regarded Chen-Ning Yang and Tsung-Dao Lee as American physicists even though they held Chinese citizenship up through at least 1960, when they did their most groundbreaking work. About half the top scientists in America are foreign born, and while it’s okay to label a white European immigrant as American, I don’t think it’s okay to do so for an East Asian. Something else is that the international math, physics, and computing olympiad teams now in America are mostly Asian, but let’s just say the general attitude towards that is very different from the general attitude towards the NFL/NBA/MLB composition. We can call it an Asian PR failure in America.